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Preventing Radicalisation Policy
At Caversham Nursery School
Reviewer: Jean Read, Deputy Head
To be reviewed: August 2021
This Preventing Radicalisation Policy is part of our commitment to keeping our pupils safe. Since the Education and Inspections Act 2006 schools have a duty to promote community cohesion. Over the last few years, global events have led to a growth of extremist viewpoints, including advocacy of violent extremism.
Schools have an important part to play in both educating children and young people about extremism and recognising when pupils start to become radicalised. In March 2015, new statutory duties were placed on schools by the Counter Terrorism and Security Act 2015 which means they must work to prevent children being drawn into extremism.
Safeguarding children from all risks of harm is an important part of a school’s work and protecting them from extremism is one aspect of that.
At Caversham Nursery School we ensure that through our school vision, values, relationships and teaching we promote tolerance and respect for all cultures, faiths and lifestyles. The Governing Body also ensures that this ethos is reflected and implemented effectively through school policy and practice and that there is an effective suite of safeguarding policies in place to safeguard and promote pupils’ welfare.
We have a duty to prepare our pupils for life in modern Britain and to keep them safe. Everyone at the Caversham Nursery School has the right to learn and work in safety. We do not tolerate bullying of any kind and will challenge derogatory language and behaviour towards others.
Role of the Governing Body
It is the role of the Governing Body to ensure that the school meets its statutory duties with regard to preventing radicalisation.
The nominated Safeguarding Governor will liaise with the Executive Head Teacher and other staff about issues to do with protecting pupils from radicalisation.
Role of the Executive Head Teacher
It is the role of the Executive Head Teacher to:
- ensure that the school and its staff respond to preventing radicalisation on a day-to-day basis
- ensure that the school’s curriculum addresses the issues involved in radicalisation
- ensure that staff conduct is consistent with preventing radicalisation
Role of Designated Safeguarding Lead
It is the role of the designated safeguarding lead to:
- ensure that staff understand the issues of radicalisation, that they are able to recognise the signs of vulnerability or radicalisation and know how to refer their concerns
- receive safeguarding concerns about pupils who may be vulnerable to the risk of radicalisation or are showing signs of radicalisation
- make referrals to appropriate agencies with regard to concerns about radicalisation
- liaise with partners, including the local authority and the police
- report to the Governing Body on these matters
Role of staff
It is the role of staff to understand the issues of radicalisation, that they are able to recognise the signs of vulnerability or radicalisation and know how to refer their concerns.
The duty to prevent children and young people being radicalised is set out in the following documents:
- Counter Terrorism and Security Act 2015
- Keeping Children Safe in Education 2018
- Prevent Duty Guidance 2015
- Working Together to Safeguard Children 2018
- Promoting fundamental British values as part of SMSC in schools: DfE Departmental advice for maintained schools 2014
- Behaviour Policy
- Safeguarding Policy
- Inclusion and Equality Opportunities Policy
- RBC Code of Conduct Policy
- Teaching and learning Policy
- Whistle-blowing Policy
Extremism is defined in the 2011 Prevent strategy as vocal or active opposition to fundamental British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of different faiths and beliefs. We also include in our definition of extremism calls for the death of members of our armed forces, whether in this country or overseas.
Radicalisation refers to the process by which a person comes to support terrorism and extremist ideologies associated with terrorist groups.
British Values are democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.
Here at Caversham are committed to ensuring that our pupils are offered a broad and balanced curriculum that aims to prepare them for life in modern Britain. We encourage our pupils to be inquisitive learners who are open to new experiences and are tolerant of others.
Our values support the development of the whole child as a reflective learner within a safe respectful learning environment.
Staff will have discussions to help them understand the issues of radicalisation, so that they are able to recognise the signs of vulnerability or radicalisation and know how to refer their concerns. This information also forms part of annual safeguarding training.
We ensure that the staff we appoint to the school are suitable, our recruitment procedures are rigorous and we follow the statutory guidance published in part 3 of Keeping Children Safe in Education 2018 and the Safer Recruitment Policy from Reading Borough Council. Vetting and barring checks are undertaken on relevant people, including the Governing Body and volunteers.
Visitors to the school are made aware of our safeguarding and child protection policies on arrival at the school and are given information about what to do if they are concerned about any aspect of child welfare.
We undertake due diligence to ensure that visiting speakers are appropriate. Speakers will be supervised at all times and will not be allowed to speak to the children without a member of staff being present.
Staff must not invite speakers into school without first obtaining permission from the Head of School.
There are no known definitive indicators that a young person is vulnerable to radicalisation, but there are number of signs that together increase the risk. Signs of vulnerability include:
- being in possession of extremist literature
- social exclusion
- traumatic events
- global or national events
- religious conversion
- change in behaviour
- extremist influences
- conflict with family over lifestyle
- confused identify
- victim or witness to race or hate crimes
- rejection by peers, family, social groups or faithEarly indicators of radicalisation or extremism may include:
- showing sympathy for extremist causes
- glorifying violence, especially to other faiths or cultures
- making remarks or comments about being at extremist events or rallies outside school
- evidence of possessing illegal or extremist literature
- advocating messages similar to illegal organisations or other extremist groups
- out of character changes in dress, behaviour and peer relationships (there are also very powerful narratives, programmes and networks that young people can come across online so involvement with particular groups may not be apparent)
- secretive behaviour
- online searches or sharing extremist messages or social profiles
- intolerance of difference, including faith, culture, gender, race or sexuality
- graffiti, art work or writing that displays extremist themes
- attempts to impose extremist views or practices on others
- verbalising anti-Western or anti-British views
- advocating violence towards othersAlso consider families at risk:
- Not buying into school ethos
- Questioning policies
- Keeping apart from other parents
The Head Teacher will handle allegations against member of staff (including any volunteer or Governor) such allegations, unless the allegation is against the Head Teacher, when the Chair of Governors will handle the school’s response.
The Head Teacher (or Chair of Governors) will report without delay to the Local Authority Designated Officer.
Staff and visitors to our schools must refer all concerns about pupils who show signs of vulnerability or radicalisation to the Designated Safeguarding Lead using the usual methods for reporting other safeguarding concerns.
When there are significant concerns about a pupil, the Designated Safeguarding Lead will make a referral to the appropriate body.
Children’s Single point of access: 0118 955 3641
Out of Hours Emergency Team: 01344 786543
Local Authority Designated Officer (LADO) 0118 937 3555
To be reviewed August 2021
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